How does one make brick and blocks? What is needed in order to start a brick and block making yard?

These are some of the questions you may find asking yourself, if you haven't we suggest you do. Have a look at some of the following points you may want to consider.

Why should you start a brick or block yard?

The small scale production of concrete bricks and blocks for masonry is well suited to small business. Production can be done outside in the open, the process is simple and the block making machines you require do no require a high capital investment.

What are some of the considerations that you should be taking into account before starting a block yard?

Determine first what demand is there for blocks and bricks in your area, and find out if there is any competition that you will be competing with. Try get an average of how many blocks you could be making in a month, to try get some sort of guideline.

Factors that influence the cost of setting up a block yard

  • Purchase of the site or rental of the property you wish to work from.
  • Cost of site improvements, such as security, paved areas for stockpiles, roadways and buildings.
  • Cost of the equipment: pan mixer, block making machine, wheelbarrows, trolleys and tools.
  • Cost of water and electricity.
  • Material costs
  • Wastage
  • Maintenance costs
  • Labour costs
  • Cost of finance

The location of your block yard

When selecting an appropriate site you need to factor in the location of the site, is it safe? Access to the site, will it accommodate large vehicles that need to off load your stock? Ground slope and the size.

Establishing the site you decide to make use of for your block yard

The site should be big enough for stockpiling of the blocks and bricks you will be producing, as well as have space to store sand, and cement. You will need a stacking area, a production area, staff facilities and an office.

Cement must be stored in a dry place, the best place to store cement is in a silo, but for most small scaled block yards you will receive bags of cement. These must be kept dry, in a weather proof room of some sort. Cement should also be stored on pallets or plastic sheets to avoid the bags of cement from pulling moisture from the floor. The store room should be big enough to store at least a weeks supply of cement.

Production area size

The production area's size will depend on what equipment you plan on using. A stationary block making machine which forms blocks on pallets needs a relatively small area.

A mobile egg laying machine needs a fairly large area, in order to move around and place the uncured block or bricks on the ground.

Block making equipment

There are two basic types of block making equipment.

  1. Stationary block making machines that mould blocks, one or more at a time on pallets.
  2. Egg layer machines that mould blocks on a concrete slap.

Concrete mixers

A pan mixer is the only type of machine that is suitable for block yards. Pan mixers with a forced mixing action can cope with semi dry mixes used for the production of bricks and blocks. Dry mixers do not work, because they cannot mix the semi dry mixture.

There are a lot more aspects that you have to take into account, these are just the very basics to give you a good idea of what to expect. If you would like the full list of documentation please click here.

We hope this has been of some use to you. Please don't forget to contact us should you need some machinery to get you on track.

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